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Composting Solutions 
          By: Emma Dunk
As the city of London tries to solve its own garbage problems, plans are in place to send more its way.
Table scrapsAn agreement has been reached and starting from January 2007, up to 30,000 tonnes of food waste from the Toronto area will be sent to London each year for composting.
Orgaworld, a company based in the Netherlands signed a 10-year agreement with York Region to compost their organic household waste. A new composting facility will be built to accomodate the extra waste. The land is owned by St. Thomas based waste management company Green Lane Environmental Group Ltd.
But as London takes on more waste from other cities, its residents are being asked to reduce their trash. Starting January 16 2006, London households will be reduced to a four bad garbage limit. (Read more on this story)
"Diverting good waste from landfills is what it's all about"
                               -Janice Howell
The president of Thames Region Ecological Association Janice Howell is not opposed to the decision to bring the waste to the area for composting. She says diverting good waste from landfills is what it's all about. But she says the ideal solution would be to have several such composting facilities closer to Toronto to avoid the increase of trucks on the highways that will increase the use of air pollution, gasoline and the risk of accidents.  
Whilst environmental officials are concerned about the lifespan of London's W12A Landfill, Bob McCaig, president of Green lane who owns the land where the new composting facility will be built, does not think waste diversion on the macro level is managed well. He says overall, composting and recycling is a foolish waste of time and money because it is not done effectively. He says in many cases good quality plastic is being recycled to a lesser quality and only paper is truly worth recycling.
McCaig says that on the micro level everyone should look after their waste better. He suggests individuals should look for ways to minimize their gabage and says backyard composting is effective. He also thinks schools should compost their organic waste. He says vermicomposting is a good idea because using red worms is a fun way for children to learn about waste diversion.
How Does Composting Work?
  • anything that was once alive will decompose
  • composting involves the breaking down of organic waste
  • micro-organisms which live in soil feed on moist organic waste materials
  • heat is generated through the decomposing process
  • organic materials are broken down into an earthy substance 
  • becomes rich soil for land 
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